Some time ago, the draft bill of the 11th GWB amend­ment was published. Today, howe­ver, the focus is on the pro­po­sal for pri­va­te enforce­ment, name­ly the Digi­tal Mar­kets Act. Some time ago, I wro­te about this in the CR blog, attest­ing to a com­ple­te lack of any hel­pful regu­la­ti­ons and the­r­e­fo­re deri­ving my own pro­po­sals for solu­ti­ons. One of them was that the­re should be a cor­re­spon­ding appli­ca­ti­on of the Cou­ra­ge case law of the ECJ, accor­ding to which every affec­ted per­son should be able to effec­tively enforce his rights in the case of inf­rin­ge­ments of com­pe­ti­ti­on law.

The­re would be no reason why this should not also app­ly in prin­ci­ple to the sec­tor-spe­ci­fic regu­la­to­ry law of the DMA. The draft bill has now also reco­g­nis­ed this. It pro­po­ses a par­al­le­lism of the pro­vi­si­ons of §§ 33 ff. GWB. This means that the afo­re­men­tio­ned pro­vi­si­ons should no lon­ger only be lin­ked to inf­rin­ge­ments of the com­pe­ti­ti­on pro­vi­si­ons of the first part of the ARC and Art. 101, 102 TFEU, but that inf­rin­ge­ments of Art. 5, 6 and 7 DMA should now be added. The­se three pro­vi­si­ons con­tain the cen­tral sub­stan­ti­ve prohibitions.

In other words, vio­la­ti­ons of the pro­hi­bi­ti­ons of the DMA can trig­ger claims for injunc­ti­ve reli­ef against the respec­ti­ve gate­kee­per for tho­se affec­ted, which can be enforced regu­lar­ly. If the vio­la­ti­on is com­mit­ted inten­tio­nal­ly or negli­gent­ly, addi­tio­nal anti­trust dama­ges can be clai­med. Due to the exten­si­on of the scope of appli­ca­ti­on, the other pro­vi­si­ons, such as tho­se on the pas­sing on of dama­ges, also app­ly. In this con­text, the fac­tu­al bin­ding effect of Sec­tion 33b sen­tence 1 GWB will also app­ly if the Com­mis­si­on as the com­pe­tent aut­ho­ri­ty finds an infringement.

As soon as a gate­kee­per is desi­gna­ted and has to com­ply with the obli­ga­ti­ons, other com­pa­nies could enforce their data sub­ject rights via the new regulations.

About the author

Porträtbild von Dr. Sebastian Louven

Dr. Sebastian Louven

I have been an independent lawyer since 2016 and advise mainly on antitrust law and telecommunications law. Since 2022 I am a specialist lawyer for international business law.

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